Home » Nursery » Importance of Role Playing. Role play is especially beneficially for developing language, both for children with English as an additional language and for native English speakers. As well as vocabulary and language, role play develops toddlers communication skills as they communicate with each other in a safe environment.
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From an early age, play is important to 's development and learning. It isn't just physical. It can involve cognitive, imaginative, creative, emotional and social aspects. It is the main way most children express their impulse to explore, experiment and understand. Children of all ages play. In many countries play is widely viewed as an effective way in which children learn, and most curriculum outlines or frameworks make some reference to play.
There is reason to think, however, that the concerted focus on raising educational standards throughout the UK has resulted in an increased emphasis on adult-led learning and a loss of ground for play as -led learning process, particularly in the middle years of childhood 7—11 years. A further aspect highlighted by Peter Blatchford in his study of school playtimes is that many primary schools in England have reduced the amount of time that children have to themselves for spontaneous play and socialising in playgrounds.
As well as allowing children to learn those things that adults deem important, school, and specifically playtime, provides children with important opportunities to meet and develop relationships with each other. This social dimension of school is a very important part of the hidden curriculum.
Aim: to clarify the extent to which the importance of play is acknowledged in curriculum documents. Read the introduction and introductory sections to the curriculum guidance or framework that is most relevant to the setting in which you work. Are there any references to the value of play? If play is mentioned, make a note of the reasons given for the importance of play.
Would you want to add anything to these reasons?
If so, what would you add and why? If so, make a note of what suggestions are made. To what extent do you agree with these suggestions? Guidance for older children may not refer specifically to play, but there might be a mention of related ideas, such as exploration, fun and enjoyment. In completing Activity 1 you may have been surprised by your findings. As early years and primary practitioners working in settings in the UK, most of us tend to believe that play is important. The dominant discourse about young children's learning and development stresses the need for young children and babies to play.
This view is not universal. Different cultures have different views of childhood and the role of play in childhood.
In rural Bolivia, for example, three to six year olds engage in domestic, agricultural and farming work. They collect firewood, pick vegetables and feed the ducks and chickens and, in completing these tasks, they are making a valuable contribution to the family's work. As they grow older, children take on more physically arduous and responsible tasks, such as making family meals, ploughing and killing animals for eating.
Children in Bolivia are, however, still able to find opportunities to play during the day Maybin and Woodhead, The extent to which children are protected from physical risks in different cultures and societies is diverse, depending on the environment in which they are living. It has grown into a highly differentiated and separate activity — an activity that separates children from the real, adult world.
It has become one of the expressions for the banishment of children to the margins of society. Play has become an expression of a kind of activity that has no place in real society; something easy that children engage in while waiting for entrance into society. It is apparent, then, that attitudes towards children's play are socially, culturally and politically determined.
This being the case, we need to be conscious that theories about the value of children's play will vary through time and place, and will be influenced by the dominant discourses about childhood, education and child development. Is play unstructured exploration of the immediate environment? Does participating in a board game count as play? Does a baby's exploration of a treasure basket count as play? Are children playing when they share rude jokes in the playground? Are children playing when they act out a scene from Roman life in assembly?
In the next activity you have the opportunity to identify those activities you think can best be described as play. Aim: to begin to clarify what play experiences children have in your setting during the course of a session. As an experienced practitioner, you will have an idea in your mind about what sorts of activities and experiences you would classify as play.
Live action role-playing game
Make notes during a session, or reflect on a recent session in your setting. Try to be as specific as possible. Look at the lists you have made and put an asterisk by any that you thought some or all of the children did not enjoy, seemed to be stressful, or included an element of frustration. Look again at your lists. Have you used the same word or combination of words frequently?
From looking at your lists and thinking carefully about the way you have described the activities, write a short definition of what play means to you. Play is notoriously difficult to define, but this in itself is not problematic.
What is important is that practitioners, parents and children within a setting share their ideas about what constitutes play and that we, as adults, are clear about why we value play. In order to do this, you need to take a step back and think about what you think play does and, from there, consider why it is valuable.
In Activity 2 you thought about different play activities within your setting. The words you used may provide an indication of what you think the purpose of play is. Words and phrases such as exploration, fun, freedom, investigation, enquiry, learning, social development, coping with anxieties, making sense of the world and using up energy are some of the many descriptions and interpretations of play activities.
Historically, researchers and writers have identified different functions of play, and, play has, therefore, been valued for a range of different reasons.
Present-day discussions about the value of play often include ideas that have their roots in nineteenth-century society. In the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, links were drawn between the play of animals and children's play. This link is still made with respect to gendered aspects of play, a point we return to in Section 4. According to theorists such as Spencer and Schiller, children had an excess of energy because they did not have to work. Play helped to dissipate this energy Hyder, The idea that play helps children understand the social world is still current today.
Groos argued that play is a means through which children make sense of adult roles within society Hyder, Montessori placed emphasis on children's self-initiated learning. Piaget played a central role in the development of the view that play may be of crucial importance in children's cognitive development.
Piaget's theories about learning emphasised the need for children to explore and experiment for themselves. For Piaget, play was a means by which children could develop and refine concepts before they had the ability to think in the abstract. Play was something that older children who have developed abstract thinking no longer needed. Those of you working with older children may wish to challenge Piaget's view. For Vygotsky, play was also important for an individual's cognitive development, but his view was somewhat different from that of Piaget.
He argued that during play children were able to think in more complex ways than in their everyday lives, and could make up rules, use symbols and create narratives. The ways in which play can support children's developing communication skills has been explored and documented by a of researchers. Elizabeth Grugeon's researchfor example, draws attention to the way children in primary school playgrounds use language for a variety of purposes, including organising and structuring their games, imaginary play, and reinforcing social hierarchies.
The importance of pretend play in child development
Quiet children in classrooms were sometimes shown to be very different when in a playground context. The emphasis on the way in which play can help children explore and come to terms with their inner emotional states arises out of the work of psychoanalysts such as Freud, Isaacs, Klein and Winnicott. Play therapy arose out of the work of these and other psychoanalysts Hyder, Do you think they all fall into one category e.
Can you identify what you seem to value most about play? Look at the notes you have made in response to questions 1—3. What appears to be the differences between play and non-play activities in terms of:. Activity 3 may have raised questions about the extent to which we should be emphasising play as the prime vehicle through which young children learn.
In Section 3 you will have the opportunity to reflect further on these issues.